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Marine Biology & Ecology

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  • Design of baseline, monitoring and impact assessment studies
  • Collection and interpretation of ecological, physical and chemical data
  • Collection, statistical analysis and interpretation of ecological field data
  • Recommendations for management and conservation of marine environments

Manta ray inside Funafuti lagoon

We are able to conduct biological and ecological assessments in a wide range of marine environments. We strive to design the best possible sampling program for the required ecological information, interpret the results, provide clear reports and offer realistic management solutions. We have a comprehensive understanding of current issues and an up-to-date knowledge of the scientific literature, from the connectivity within and between marine habitats, to issues of governance and climate change. The measures offered to assess marine environments include:

Economically Viable Design of Baseline Studies

Grey reef shark.

Within the context of both Environmental Impact Assessments and more general ecological investigations, well designed and executed

baseline studies are crucial for establishing the background state of an environment. Knowledge of this background state, including its natural variability, provides a measure against which changes can be detected. This includes the selection of adequate control or reference sites, unaffected from an intended human activity. A well-designed baseline study will allow the detection of changes in the ecosystem, the setting of acceptable limits or trigger points, and a clear indication of the causes.

Marine surveys using a range of equipment and techniques.

Collection and Interpretation of Marine Data

An in-depth understanding of marine ecosystems allows us to realistically interpret data (including ecological, physical and chemical data) from a wide range of marine habitats. We are able to effectively translate numerical data into easy-to-understand descriptions of patterns and processes that shape and maintain ecosystems and their health.

Statistical Analysis and Reporting

Transects to measure benthic cover along a reef wall.

We are skilled in carrying out statistical analysis of environmental and ecological data, to the standard seen in current peer-reviewed scientific publications. We are literate in a number of statistical packages and readily transfer our knowledge and understanding of the appropriate computer language to new software packages.

Analysis skills range from basic summary statistics, through standard parametric and non-parametric hypothesis testing (e.g. t-test, ANOVA, etc), to multivariate testing and ordinations (MANOVA, PCA, CCA, MDS, SIMPER, CART, etc). Together with our analysis and interpretation skills, we are accomplished in presenting results from our studies in written or oral form. We can produce quality written work aimed at diverse audiences, from the general public to scientists and managers.